13th January, 2014
75 Years Ago This Week
Hundreds of thousands of Roma and Sinte were rounded up by the Nazis during the period of June 12-18, 1938. It was ordered by Himmler at the end of May, 1938 (as Endgultige Losung der Zigeunerfrage, i.e. the “final (or `conclusive’) solution of the Gypsy question”) and is known as Gypsy Clean-Up Week ( our equivalent of Kristallnacht).
In June 1936, a Central Office to “Combat the Gypsy Nuisance” opened in Munich. This office became the headquarters of a national data bank on Gypsies. Also in June, part of the Ministry of Interior directives for “Combating the Gypsy Nuisance” authorized the Berlin police to conduct raids against Gypsies so that they would not mar the image of the city, host of the summer Olympic games. That July, the police arrested 600 Gypsies and brought them, in 130 caravans, to a new, special Gypsy internment camp (Zigeunerlager) established near a sewage dump and cemetery in the Berlin suburb of Marzahn. The camp had only three water pumps and two toilets; in such overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, contagious diseases flourished. Police and their dogs guarded the camp. Similar Zigeunerlager also appeared in the 1930s, at the initiative of municipal governments and coordinated by the quarters of a national data Council of Cities (reporting to the Ministry of Interior), in Cologne, Düsseldorf, Essen, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and other German cities.
During the week of June 12-18, 1938 mass arrests were made by the Reich Criminal Bureau under secret powers granted at the end of the previous year that enabled authorities to make “preventative arrests” without the usual formalities of due process. With the signing of the “final solution” by Himmler, Roma and Sinte were rounded up and sent to concentration (or extermination) camps by the thousand.
In January, 1940, the. first mass genocidal action of the Holocaust took place when 250 Romani children were murdered in Buchenwald, where they were used as guinea-pigs to test the efficacy of the Zyklon-B crystals. later used in the gas chambers. In June the same year. Hitler ordered the liquidation of “all Jews, Gypsies and communist political functionaries in the entire Soviet Union.”
On July, 31st 1941, Heydrich, chief architect of the details of the Final Solution, issued his directive to the Einsatzkommandos to “kill all Jews, Gypsies and mental patients.” On December 16th that same year, Himmler issued the order to have all Romani remaining in Europe deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau for extermination. On August 1st, 1944, more than four thousand Roma were gassed and cremated in a single action at Auschwitz-Birkenau, in what is remembered as Zigeunernacht (Gypsy Night).
Na bister. Na bister.
Kale lepetki, denašel !!